Ring Ouzel Songs in Norway

Dave Stemple, April 12 to April 19, 2004


From April 12 to April 19, 2004, I recorded Ring Ouzels in Rogaland about 70 kilometers south of Stavanger, Norway. This was a followup from 2003 when I was in the area late and did not get enough recordings for analysis. Three areas were visited . In each of these areas two Ring Ouzel neighbors were recorded. The neighbors sang similar simple song repertoires, but not the nearly identical song types as in Scotland and England. The simple song repertoires were signifcantly different from area to area in these three areas, all within an eighteen kilometer circle.

In the following, sonograms of individual birds are shown, each linked to a small sound file as above. In addition some song bouts of individual birds are linked to mnemonics for the birds. The files for these song sequences are large, ranging from 1 1/2 megabytes to over 3. Mnemonics have three parts, "RZ" followed by AM, KJ or TE, and a number. The number identifies an individual in Åmdal (AM), Kjerval (KJ) or the Tengesdal (TE).