Ring Ouzel Songs in Germany and Austria
Dave Stemple, April 23 to May 7, 2004
Three areas in Germany and one in Austria were visited from April 23 to May 7, 2004. In each of two areas in Germany only one Ring Ouzel, Turdus torquatus alpestris, was recorded. In the third, Salmaser Höhe, Algäu, (Algäu is a district in southwest Bavaria) two neighbors were recorded. In Austria, Kammerling Alm just across the border from Bertchesgaden, eleven birds were recorded. All eleven were in one alm (an Alpine meadow) most in hearing range of all the others. These recordings indicate that German/Austrian birds do not have dialects in their simple songs. Each bird has a unique set of simple songs it sings.
In the following, sonograms of individual birds are shown, each linked to a small sound file as above. In addition some song bouts of individual birds are linked to mnemonics for the birds. The files for these song sequences are large, ranging from 1 1/2 megabytes to over 3. Mnemonics have three parts, "RZ" followed by AG, AU or BF, and a number. The number identifies an individual in Algäu (AG), Austria (AU) or the Bavarian Forest (BF).